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Spine Infection

Spine Infection Treatment in Ahmedabad

What Is Spine Infection?

Spine infections, also known as vertebral osteomyelitis or spinal epidural abscesses, can be serious and potentially life-threatening conditions. They typically occur when bacteria, fungi, or other pathogens infect the bones (vertebrae), discs, or surrounding tissues of the spine. Here are more details on spine infections:

Spine Infection

What are types of spine infection and what is the treatment?

  1. Causes:
    • Bacterial Infections: The most common cause of spine infections is bacterial, with Staphylococcus aureus being the leading culprit. Other bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Streptococcus species, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa can also be responsible.
    • Fungal Infections: Fungal spine infections, although less common, can occur, especially in immunocompromised individuals. Candida species are among the most common fungi associated with spinal infections.
  2. Risk Factors:
    • Immunocompromised state (e.g., HIV/AIDS, diabetes, cancer, or undergoing chemotherapy).
    • Intravenous drug use.
    • Recent surgery or invasive spinal procedures.
    • Chronic steroid use.
    • Chronic kidney disease or dialysis.
    • Spinal trauma or injury.
  3. Symptoms:
    • Persistent back pain, often worsening at night or with movement.
    • Fever and chills.
    • Neurological symptoms such as weakness, numbness, or tingling, which may indicate spinal cord or nerve compression.
    • Limited range of motion.
    • Swelling or tenderness over the affected area of the spine.
    • Sometimes, symptoms may be nonspecific, especially in immunocompromised individuals.
  4. Diagnosis:
    • Physical examination: A healthcare provider may perform a physical examination to assess symptoms and look for signs of spinal tenderness or neurological deficits.
    • Imaging studies: X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans of the spine can help identify abnormalities such as bone destruction, disc space narrowing, or abscess formation.
    • Blood tests: Blood cultures and inflammatory markers (e.g., C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate) may help identify the presence of infection and monitor response to treatment.
    • Occasionally, a biopsy of the affected tissue may be necessary to determine the causative organism.
  5. Treatment:
    • Antibiotics or antifungal medications are typically prescribed to target the specific pathogen causing the infection.
    • Surgical intervention may be necessary in cases of significant abscess formation, spinal cord compression, or instability.
    • Supportive measures such as pain management, physical therapy, and nutritional support may be employed to aid in recovery.
    • The duration of treatment varies depending on the severity of the infection and the patient’s response to therapy.
  6. Complications:
    • Spinal cord or nerve damage leading to paralysis or other neurological deficits.
    • Chronic pain and disability.
    • Recurrent infections or persistence of infection despite treatment.
    • Spread of infection to other parts of the body, such as the bloodstream (bacteremia) or adjacent tissues.

Optimal Management of Spine Infections

Spine infections require prompt diagnosis and appropriate management to prevent complications and improve outcomes. Early recognition of symptoms, thorough evaluation, and multidisciplinary care involving infectious disease specialists, neurosurgeons, and other healthcare providers are essential for optimal management of these conditions.

Our Spine Infection Specialist

Dr. Nisarg Parikh

Dr. Nisarg Parikh

M.B.B.S. & MS in Orthopaedics ( Spine Surgeon and pain specialist )


Dr. Nisarg Parikh completed his M.B.B.S. and MS in Orthopedics from prestigious Smt. N.H.L. Medical college, V.S. Hospital. After working as an assistant professor in department of orthopedics in same institute he started his career in field of Spine Surgery. He completed rigorous spine training from ace spine institutes from India, Italy and Germany. He was awarded AO Spine Fellowship as well.

2019 March marked the beginning of Swasti Spine and Mind Care, his long-cherished dream of holistic Spine Centre.

Till date he has performed more than 5000 successful spine surgeries. He has presented and published several research papers in national and international conferences and won medals for many presentations. He has co-authored chapters in spine textbook and has been invited as faculty in many spine conferences across India.

Currently he holds position of Director and Consultant Spine Surgeon at Swasti Spine and Mind Care, Ahmedabad. At Sheth. L.G. Hospital and Dr. Jivaraj Mehta Hospital he is serving as an honorary spine surgeon.

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